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The Atomic Energy Council was established by the Atomic Energy Act, 2008 with the mandate to regulate the peaceful applications of ionising radiation; to provide for protection and safety of individuals, society and the environment from the dangers resulting from ionizing radiation; to provide for the production and use of radiation sources and the management of radioactive waste; to provide for compliance with international safety requirements for the use of ionising radiation, radiation protection and security of radioactive sources.

The Atomic Energy Council is a corporate body, with perpetual succession and common seal. It is independent in the performance of its functions and duties and in the exercise of its powers and not subject to the direction or control of any person or authority.

The Atomic Energy Council is made up of a policy organ, the Council (Board) and the technical organ, the Secretariat. The Council has five members appointed by the minister and approved by cabinet. The Council reports to the minister. The Council/Board has five committees namely; Human Resource Committee; Finance, Planning and Administration Committee; Technical Committee; Legal and Audit Committee and Corporate Affairs Committee.

The Secretariat implements the policies, decisions and programmes of the Council. It is headed by the secretary who is the Chief Executive Officer and reports to the Council. The Secretariat is composed of technical staff (Radiation Protection Officers (RPOs) and administration staff.

The Atomic Energy Act, 2008 applies to:

a) Every person whose practice involves or includes the production, processing, handling, use, holding, storage, transport or disposal of natural and artificial radioactive material and devices emitting ionising radiation;

(b) Any other practice which involves a risk of harm arising from ionising radiation or a radioactive source;

(c) A facility which serves purposes of, or performs functions in the course of which ionising radiation is created or is capable of being created;

(d) All situations involving exposure or the potential for exposure to ionising radiation, except those which are excluded from the Standards.

Functions of the Atomic Energy Council

1. to issue authorisations and grant exemptions for the possession and use of radiation sources;

2. to conduct inspections to assess radiation safety and security conditions and compliance with the Act and the Regulations and other requirements specified in an authorisation;

3. to take such action as is necessary to enforce the requirements of the Act and of any Regulations or authorisations;

4. to ensure that corrective action is taken if unsafe or potentially unsafe conditions are detected;

5. to advice other governmental authorities and organizations on matters within the competence of the Council;

6. to define the detailed obligations, including financial conditions, to be imposed on persons who undertake any practice involving ionising radiation.

7. to establish and inform the authorised persons of any requirements for systematic safety reassessment or periodic safety review

8. to prescribe and collect fees for authorisations, inspections and other related services.

9. to assist in emergency responses to radiological incidents and accidents;

10. to initiate, recommend or provide support on intervention relating to radiological emergencies, as may be appropriate;

11. to ensure proper collection and dissemination of information and advice to the public generally, and to authorized persons in particular, regarding measures necessary or desirable to be taken to reduce exposure to prescribed limits;

12. to monitor and appraise radiation workers, the public and the environment on the extent of radiation exposure

13. to operate and maintain a dosimetry service.