Regulation of Nuclear power

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Uganda plans to integrate nuclear power in the electricity generation mix by 2031. The role of AEC is, “To regulate the development of nuclear energy for use in power generation in compliance with international safety requirements”.

B. STRATEGIC AREAS OF FOCUS

  • Development of Regulations, Safety standards & Guides
  • Developing capacity and competence in regulation of nuclear power programs
  • Ensuring that licensees operate in accordance with the relevant national and international laws, regulations, license conditions, and standards.

C. PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY FROM NPP

Nuclear power plants (NPPs) are fueled mostly with uranium-235 which undergoes a sustained fission chain reaction, generating heat and giving rise to radioactive fission products, and transuranic elements including plutonium.

D. THE NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE

This is a series of industrial processes which involve the production of electricity from Uranium in nuclear power reactors. The AEC is mandated to carrying out regulatory oversight on the entire Nuclear fuel Cycle (Uranium mining, milling, enrichment, fuel fabrication, reprocessing, radioactive waste management and disposal)

E. BENEFITS OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

  • less fuel offers more energy
  • Less use of fossil fuels hence lowering greenhouse gas emissions
  • Improves on energy security and reliability
  • Employment opportunities
  • Technology advancements
  • Improved socio-economic welfare
  • General regional developmnet
  • Infrastructure developments; Schools, roads, railways, etc.

F. DISADVANTAGES OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

  • Radioactive waste management
  • Large capital investments

G. RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

  • Nuclear accidents
  • Nuclear proliferations

H. ROLES OF AEC IN REGULATION OF NPPS

  • Reactor/plant safety – Ensuring accidents are avoided and reducing the consequences of accidents if they occur.
  • Radiation safety – Ensuring workers (occupational radiation safety) and the public (public radiation safety) are protected from unnecessary radiation exposure during routine inspection.
  • Nuclear security – Ensuring that plants and nuclear materials are protected against sabotage and other security threats
  • Nuclear Safeguards – Ensuring proper accountability of nuclear materials such that they cannot be used for malicious activities and proliferation.

I. CROSS-CUTTING AREAS

The following issues have to be addressed as they can affect the general safety at a NPP.

  • Human performance
  • Problem identification and resolution
  • Safety culture

J. REGULATED ACTIVITIES IN NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMS

  • Mining and milling of uranium
  • Transportation of nuclear materials
  • Enrichment of uranium
  • Fabrication of nuclear fuel materials
  • Operation of nuclear power plant
  • Radioactive and spent fuel management
  • Reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel
  • Decommissioning of nuclear installations

K. LICENSING PROCESS FOR NPPS

Licensing of nuclear installations (NPPs) is on a phased approach depending on the life cycle of operation of the nuclear power plant. They include;

· Site permits (Permit to prepare a site)

· Permit for approval of design

· Construction Permit

· License to operate

· License to decommission

L. RECENT EVENTS ON NUCLEAR POWER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT 2016-2017

(a) Train the trainer for embarking countries in phase 1 of the milestones approach for nuclear power infrastructure development; April 25 – May 13, 2016.

One staff of Atomic Energy Council (AEC) took part in the training for new comer countries in the nuclear power infrastructure development that took place at Argonne National Laboratories (ANL), in Illinois, Chicago, USA from April 25 – May 13, 2016. The training was organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in collaboration with ANL

The training was attended by 30 participants from six Countries i.e. Uganda, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Ghana, Philippines and Morocco.

The major purpose of the training was to equip teams of instructors in Member States considering the introduction of nuclear power with skills to develop and implement indigenous training programs. This was achieved through in-depth training on specific nuclear infrastructure issues that are a priority for Member States in the initial phase of nuclear power infrastructure development.

(b) Regional training course on nuclear power infrastructure development; October 31 – December 9, 2016.

One staff of Atomic Energy Council (AEC) took part in the training course on Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development that took place in Tokai Mura – Ibaraki Prefecture, Tsuruga City – Fukui Prefecture and Tokyo, Japan. The training was organised by IAEA in collaboration with the government of Japan through Japan Atomic Industrial Forum (JAIF) and the Japan International Cooperation Centre (JICC).

The training was attended by participants from ten (10) countries i.e. Uganda, Nigeria, Malaysia, Jordan, Vietnam, Niger, Kenya, Chile, Indonesia, Thailand and Kazakhstan.

The major purpose of the training was to introduce participants from IAEA members States to the key infrastructure issues for nuclear power development in the IAEA context.

(c) IAEA Site and External Event Design (SEED) Expert Mission; February 21-25, 2017.

Six technical staff of Atomic Energy Council (AEC) took part in the IAEA Site and External Events Design (SEED) expert mission held at Amber House, Kampala. The expert mission was organised by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD) through the Nuclear Energy Unit (NEU) in collaboration with IAEA.

The expert mission was attended by other 41 participants from other relevant Government departments, Ministries and Agencies as well other higher institutions of learning.

The major purpose of the expert mission was to review Uganda’s sitting process for nuclear power plants as well as creating awareness to stakeholders about the nuclear power plant sitting considerations.

The IAEA experts also met with the technical staff of AEC to provide technical guidance on the considerations for establishing an effective regulatory infrastructure for nuclear installations.

(d) Scientific Visit to China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) and the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA); May 2-5, 2017.

The AEC took part in the Scientific Visit to CNNC, NNSA, China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) and the Fujian Fuqing Nuclear Power Corporation, in Beijing, China. The Visit was attended by a delegation of nine (09) members of which four (04) were from AEC and five (05) from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD).

The major purpose of the visit was to discuss the draft memorandum of understanding and to explore other avenues for collaboration in areas of peaceful application of atomic energy.

(e) The 2017 training course on technology of nuclear power engineering construction for developing countries; September 11-30, 2017.

One staff from AEC participated in the 2017 training course on technology of nuclear power engineering and construction for developing countries that took place in Beijing. China. The training was organised the Academy for International Business Officials (AIBO), Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM), China and co-sponsored with CNNC.

Thirty three Officials (33) from twelve (12) countries i.e. Uganda, Kenya, Egypt, Morocco, Zambia, Turkey, Armenia, Dominican Republic, Malaysia, Algeria and Panama attended the training.

The major purpose of the training was to introduce the Officials from China’s collaborative partner states to the Chinese experience in the nuclear industry. The Officials also paid site visits to; the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE), the State Nuclear Security Technology Centre (Centre of Excellence – CoE) and the Qinshan Nuclear Power Station.

For more info download brochure Regulation of Nuclear Power

Guidelines on criteria for Site Selection and evaluation

Guidelines on Licensing the First NPP

Regulations on the packaging and transport of radioactive Materials

Form for Reporting Nuclear Material

 

Last Updated on Thursday, 14 December 2017 06:45