Transport of Radioactive Material

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LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAME WORK

The Atomic Energy Act No. 24 of 2008 (laws of Uganda) established Atomic Energy Council (AEC) as a corporate body responsible for regulating the peaceful use of atomic energy matters in practices involving ionising radiation in Uganda.

Part XII (Regulation 87-107) of the Atomic Energy Regulations, 2012 provides requirements on the safe transport of radioactive material.

Schedule 7 of the Regulations provides for the radiation symbols and transport packages to be used during transport of Radioactive Material.

AEC therefore oversees the safe transportation of Radioactive Material and the protection of the carriers, the public and the environment through a combination of regulatory requirements, transportation package certification, inspections and a system of monitoring to ensure that safety requirements are being met.

TRANSPORT DOCUMENTATIONS

Before shipment is done, the following documentation should be in place;

· Transport permit valid for 6 monthsfrom AEC

· Container/Vehicle packing certificate

· Source certificates

· Special list showing the location of radioactive material

· Detailed storage plan during transport

· Emergency response information in case of incident/accident

Furthermore, the transport document should contain; UN number, Proper shipping name, Primary hazard class, Name and Address of the Consignor, Name and Address of Consignee.

PACKAGING

AEC ensures that the Radioactive Material are well packaged and assigned correct Transport Index and Category.

LABELLING

AEC ensures that labels are affixed to two opposite sides of the package and they should be to withstand open water exposure without a substantial reduction in effectiveness and satisfy the provisions to the models (colour, symbol and format.

DESIGNATED TRANSPORT UNIT(S)

Facilities should ensure that designated radioactive material transport Unit (s) are in place and they should be well labelled, placarded and marked. Placards should be affixed to both sides at the rear vehicle carrying radioactive material in packaging’s

SAFETY MEASURES DURING TRANSPORT

· Personal Protective Equipment such as lead aprons, lead gloves, 2 self– standing warning signs, Warning Vest, Portable lighting apparatus etc

· Fire fighting equipment. These should be easily accessible to the vehicle Crew and protected against effects of the weather so that operational safety is not affected.

· Locking source at the back of track, and also ensure that no person sits at the back of the truck.

· Ensuring that radiation measurements are taken and are within regulatory limits.

· The driver and other occupants should be shielded from direct radiation

· Proper labelling, documentation, and packaging during the transportation

REGULATORY RADIATION LIMITS

Radiation level should not exceed the following limits;

· Excepted packages; external surface ? 5 ?Sv/h and 10 cm from the external surface of any unpackaged instrument or article ? 0.1 mSv/h

· Low dispersible radioactive material; 3m from the unshielded radioactive material? 10 mSv/h

· Packages ; external surface ? 2 mSv/h and external surface ? 10 mSv/h (under exclusive use)

· Vehicle; External surface ? 2 mSv/h and 2m from the external surface ? 0.1 mSv/h


TRANSPORT SECURITY

AEC requires that there are areas on temporary storage, and these should be properly secured, well illuminated and not accessible to the general public.

For more information see the attachments

Brochure for Transport of Radioactive Material

Guidance document on transportation security of radioactive materials

 

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